A variety of West Javanese traditional ceremonies, from religion to birth
West Java is an area that stores native wealth. One of them is the West Javanese traditional ceremony. The traditional ceremonies owned by the province are very diverse. Based on religion, agriculture, childbirth and others. Cultural heritage continues to be preserved by society until now.
As a resident of West Java, it is an obligation to participate in the preservation of traditional ceremonies. But for the people of other provinces, the study of the cultural heritage of West Java is a kind of love for the Motherland. Cultural heritage can also be used as an educational tourist destination.
Cultural tourism can not only educate the Indonesian people, but also attract foreign tourists. Through tourism, culture can be introduced to everyone in the world. The traditional ceremony is expected to be known by the wider community, so its preservation is maintained.
West Java traditionel ceremoni Bertema Religion
The first traditional ceremony that contains religious elements is shura porridge. This activity bears no relation whatsoever to Ashura Day, which is generally referred to as the day of the death of one of the Islamic figures, Hussein. The grandson of the Prophet Muhammad SAW died in a case in Karbala.
The residents who held the West Javanese traditional ceremony with religious nuances were the Cíacap community. In the sludge tradition, one of the prophets, namely Noah, is often associated with one. In addition, it is also associated with Nyai Pohaci Sanghyang Sri who is the fertility goddess of Javanese beliefs.
The tradition kept outside the home of one of the members of the community is considered to be capable of m enyelakannya. Pelaksanaannya can also be located on the edge of a river, field or a specific place that residents want. These activities includemany completenesses such as offerings, art, sacred objects for porridge-making tools.
The next Javanese traditional ceremony with religious theme is ngalungsur pusaka. The religious ceremony led by juru kunci is more commonly called the kuncen. In this tradition, objects of the sacred Sunan Rohmat heritage were also introduced . The object continues to be preserved by local residents.
In the series of ceremonial processes, participants can see the process of bathing heirlooms. Participants can recognize what and what the legacy of the Sunan Rohmat Uci heritage looks like in their area. These heirloom objects are a symbol of Sunan Rohmat Kudu’s struggle as they spread Islam.
Pilgrimage in the framework of West Java traditional ceremonies
The first traditional pilgrimage-shaped ceremony is rebo wekasan. The pilgrimage was generally organized by residents around the Drachat River, Cirebon. The form of activity is to visit Sunan Kalijaka’s tomb. The implementation time is Wednesday, precisely the last week of the month Shafar according to the hijri calendar.
Wednesday’s election in the last week of Shafar month has some significance. The selection was based on the notionthat it was the best day to eliminate bad luck. The force thatalso accompanies rebo wekassan is a rowing race. Generally, the competition is held when the traditional ceremony is over.
The nextpilgrimage theme of Javanese traditional ceremony is ngunjung or munjung. The name of this tradition is the origin of the word kunjung, which is to make a pilgrimage and pray at the resting place of the ancestors. This tradition symbolizes the gratitude of residents for the services received so far.
Residents of Indramayu, Cirebon and its surroundings generally keepthese traditions in the tombs of ancestors and religious figures respected or considered sacred. The purpose of the tradition, of course, is to pray for the salvation of life. The tradition of thanksgiving is generally kept after the rice harvest.
In this tradition, it is accompanied by wayang kulit performances and sketches as regional art. In addition, the community also presents a variety of special culinary such as tumpeng rice and other types of traditional culinary as recommended.
A form of gratitude for God’s mercy through traditional ceremonies in West Java
In addition to religious themes, there are also various traditional ceremonies that are held as a form of gratitude for the abundance of grace by living by nature. There are different kinds of community businesses in living in nature, from farming to going to sea. The community then carried out a tradition of thanking nature.
The first traditional ceremony of the theme was the sea feast. The location of the tradition is in Pangandaran Ciamis and Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi. In addition, it is also carried out in various coastal areas of West Java. In mopaksanaannya, fishermen who carry sacrifices in perah uthey had previously been dippedrantic with various decorations.
One of the offerings in the tradition is a buffalo head wrapped in a white cloth. This sacrifice was lowered into the sea as a symbol of sacrificing to the guardians of the sea and rejecting the hosts. The tradition is held every year as a form of gratitude and hope for salvation when seeking sustenance at sea.
The West Javanese traditional ceremony as a form of gratitude for the creator’s next service is ngalaksa. Different from the sea festivals often held by fishermen, ngalaksa is organized by farmers. This tradition is usually performed by residents of the Ranca Kalong area, Sumedang.
The process of implementing ngalaksa is to transport rice to the granary using rengkong (long bamboo with holes that are generally used to carry rice). The event is in June. An interesting point in the tradition is the sound of Rengkong music being rocked when walking.
Ngalaksa have the meaning of the term syukur residents for the success of the harvest when cultivating. Society never forgets God’s role in the success of life. Having obtained favors during the harvest, society always performs ngalaksa as a form of gratitude to the creator.
A dat ceremony West Java wedding tradition until pregnancy
West Java has many traditional ceremonies. In fact, at weddings there is not only 1 ceremony. Among the ceremonies of the wedding is neundeun talk. The tradition is a visit by male parents to female parents in connection with friendship and conveying the intention to apply.
Then ngalamar was carried out, which is a tradition in the form of visits by male parents to ask for the woman. In the tradition designed wedding plans for the bride and groom. Then a ceremony was also performed, namely, the process ofsending the future groom to the woman’s parents for marriage.
After a wife experiences a gestation period, a tingkepan is performed. The tradition is carried out after the wife is pregnant with her child for 7 months. Tingkepan from the word tingkep has a closed meaning. The point is that the future mother is forbidden to interfere with her husband within 40 days after birth.
The traditional West Javanese tingkepan ceremony is often filled with recitation and bathing of the mother who is pregnant. In this tradition, the rujak kanistren is also presented, which is a rojak consisting of 7 types or types . The mother will be bathed by 7 immediate family members by pouring seven flower water.
At the 7th flush, an eel is inserted until it touches the mother’s stomach. The tradition aims to hope for the safety of the baby in the womb. In addition, it is also to maintain the health of the mother by reducing the working part, because the period of pregnancy is large.
West Java has a number of traditions that continue to be maintained and preserved by the local community. Almost every aspect of life is commemorated with traditions, from marriage, pregnancy, trying to earn a living to pilgrimages to honor ancestors. Shura porridge, rebo wekasan and sea feasts are some examples of West Javanese traditional upacara.